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Autumn at Grasmere, in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England – November 2013

Autumn  at Grasmere, in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England - November 2013

Autumn known as fall in the US and Canada,[one] is just one of the 4 temperate seasons. Autumn marks the transition from summer season into winter season, in September (Northern Hemisphere) or March (Southern Hemisphere) when the arrival of night time becomes significantly previously. One particular of its main options is the shedding of leaves from some trees as they pave way for further more development.

The equinoxes may possibly be envisioned to be in the center of their respective seasons, but temperature lag (triggered by the thermal latency of the ground and sea) usually means that seasons show up later than dates calculated from a purely astronomical perspective. The precise lag differs with location. Some cultures regard the autumnal equinox as “mid-autumn”, other folks with a lengthier lag deal with it as the commence of autumn.[two] Meteorologists (and most of the temperate nations in the southern hemisphere)[3] use a definition dependent on months, with autumn remaining September, October and November in the northern hemisphere,[four] and March, April and May well in the southern hemisphere.

In North The united states, autumn is typically considered to commence with the September equinox.[5] In traditional East Asian photo voltaic phrase, autumn starts off on or around eight August and finishes on about 7 November. In Eire, the autumn months according to the countrywide meteorological service, Met Éireann, are September, October and November.[6] Nonetheless, according to the Irish Calendar, which is dependent on ancient Gaelic traditions, autumn lasts throughout the months of August, September, and October, or quite possibly a couple of days later, depending on custom. In Australia, autumn formally begins on one March and finishes 31 May well.[7]


The phrase autumn will come from the Previous French phrase autompne (automne in modern French), and was later normalised to the original Latin phrase autumnus.[eight] There are unusual examples of its use as early as the twelfth century, but it grew to become frequent by the sixteenth century.

In advance of the sixteenth century, harvest was the phrase typically used to refer to the year, as it is frequent in other West Germanic languages to this day (cf. Dutch herfst, German Herbst and Scots hairst). Nonetheless, as a lot more individuals step by step moved from working the land to living in cities (particularly all those who could read through and write,[citation necessary] the only individuals whose use of language we now know), the phrase harvest missing its reference to the time of 12 months and came to refer only to the precise action of reaping, and autumn, as nicely as fall, commenced to substitute it as a reference to the year.[9][10]

The substitute phrase fall for the year traces its origins to previous Germanic languages. The exact derivation is unclear, with the Previous English fiæll or feallan and the Previous Norse fall all remaining doable candidates. Nonetheless, these text all have the meaning “to fall from a height” and are plainly derived both from a frequent root or from each other. The phrase came to denote the year in sixteenth century England, a contraction of Center English expressions like “fall of the leaf” and “fall of the 12 months”.[eleven]

Throughout the seventeenth century, English emigration to the British colonies in North The united states was at its peak, and the new settlers took the English language with them. Even though the phrase fall step by step grew to become out of date in Britain, it grew to become the a lot more frequent phrase in North The united states.

Harvest affiliation

Association with the transition from heat to chilly temperature, and its linked status as the year of the key harvest, has dominated its themes and common images. In Western cultures, personifications of autumn are typically very, nicely-fed ladies adorned with fruits, vegetables and grains that ripen at this time. Many cultures attribute autumnal harvest festivals, generally the most critical on their calendars. Nevertheless extant echoes of these celebrations are uncovered in the autumn Thanksgiving holiday break of the United States and Canada, and the Jewish Sukkot holiday break with its roots as a entire-moon harvest festival of “tabernacles” (living in outdoor huts around the time of harvest).[citation necessary] There are also the numerous North American Indian festivals tied to harvest of autumnally ripe meals gathered in the wild, the Chinese Mid-Autumn or Moon festival, and numerous other folks. The predominant mood of these autumnal celebrations is a gladness for the fruits of the earth blended with a specific melancholy joined to the imminent arrival of severe temperature.

This view is presented in English poet John Keats’ poem To Autumn, where by he describes the year as a time of bounteous fecundity, a time of ‘mellow fruitfulness’.

Even though most meals are harvested through the autumn, meals notably affiliated with the year consist of pumpkins (which are integral areas of both Thanksgiving and Halloween) and apples, which are used to make the seasonal beverage apple cider.

Melancholy affiliation

Autumn in poetry has generally been affiliated with melancholy. The prospects of summer season are absent, and the chill of winter season is on the horizon. Skies switch gray, and numerous individuals switch inward, both physically and mentally.[12]

Comparable examples may be uncovered in Irish poet William Butler Yeats’ poem The Wild Swans at Coole where by the maturing year that the poet observes symbolically represents his have ageing self. Like the purely natural environment that he observes he as well has attained his prime and now should search forward to the inevitability of previous age and dying. French poet Paul Verlaine’s “Chanson d’automne” (“Autumn Song”) is similarly characterised by robust, painful thoughts of sorrow. Keats’ To Autumn, composed in September 1819, echoes this perception of melancholic reflection, but also emphasises the lush abundance of the year.

Other associations

The examples and perspective in this write-up offer mostly with North The united states and do not characterize a globally view of the matter. You should make improvements to this write-up and examine the challenge on the talk web site. (August 2013)

Autumn is affiliated with the Halloween year (affected by Samhain, a Celtic autumn festival),[thirteen] and with it a widespread marketing and advertising campaign that promotes it, in the US. The tv, movie, book, costume, household decoration, and confectionery industries use this time of 12 months to market goods carefully affiliated with such a holiday break, with promotions heading from early September to 31 October, due to the fact their themes promptly eliminate power as soon as the holiday break finishes, and marketing starts off concentrating on Xmas.

Television stations and networks, notably in North The united states, customarily start off their common seasons in autumn, with new series and new episodes of present series debuting mostly through late September or early October (series that debut outside the fall year are typically known as midseason replacements). A sweeps period of time requires place in November to evaluate Nielsen Ratings.

Autumn, notably in most areas of the US, also has a robust affiliation with the commence of a new college 12 months, notably for little ones in key and secondary education. “Again to School” marketing and preparations typically occurs in the months primary to the commence of the fall year.

Given that 1997, Autumn has been just one of the leading a hundred names for girls in the US.[fourteen]

In Indian mythology, autumn is considered to be the most well-liked year for the goddess of learning Saraswati, who is also known by the identify of “goddess of autumn” (Sharada).


While color alter in leaves occurs wherever deciduous trees are uncovered, coloured autumn foliage is mentioned in a variety of locations of the environment: most of North The united states, Eastern Asia (such as China, Korea, and Japan), Europe, areas of Australia and New Zealand’s South Island.

Eastern Canada and New England are famous for their autumnal foliage,[fifteen][16] and this draws in major tourism (value billions of U.S. pounds) for the locations.

Posted by SaffyH on 2013-12-04 08:58:39


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